Exposure to smoke from traditional cookstoves and open fires – the primary means of cooking and heating for nearly three billion people in the developing world – causes nearly 2.6 million premature deaths, including 783,000 deaths in India, every year.
Cooking smoke contributes to a range of chronic illnesses and acute health impacts such as early childhood pneumonia, emphysema, lung cancer, bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, and low birth weight.
Women and young children are the most affected
WHAT IS GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLEAN COOKSTOVES (GACC)???
Its is a public-private partnership hosted by the UN Foundation
WHATS THE AIM OF GACC ???
Creating a thriving global market for clean and efficient household cooking solutions to save lives, improve livelihoods, empower women, and protect the environment.
HOW DOES GACC DOES THIS ???
Work with a strong network of public, private and non-profit partners to accelerate the production, deployment, and use of clean and efficient cookstoves and fuels in developing countries.
# IMPACT AREAS
Women and Gender
# INDIA AND GACC
43% of India’s population relies on solid fuel for their household cooking needs.
Reliance on biomass for cooking and heating leads to environmental degradation through increased pressure on local natural resources, and forces women and children to spend many hours each week collecting wood.
Inefficient cooking also contributes to climate change through emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, and aerosols such as black carbon.
India has seen unprecedented progress over the past five years on scaling clean cooking.
- Engaged with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, in collaboration with UNICEF and WHO, to develop a strategy for including clean cooking as part of India’s integrated Action Plan for Prevention of Pneumonia and Diarrhea
- Formed strategic partnerships with Tata Trusts, Indian Council for Medical Research, The Energy and Resources Institute, SEWA, Indian Corporates, and others, as part of the overall approach in India
- Greenway Appliances set up a full-fledged factory through the Alliance’s Spark Grant program and has become the country’s largest stove manufacturer ,
Consider the following statements about Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves(GACC)
1.Its an intergovernmental treaty based organisation to combat climate change
2.According to GACC if all households move from traditional cookstoves and adopt clean cookstoves, climate change can be arrested within a decade
which amoung the above statements are correct???
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both A and B
D. Neither 1 nor 2
ANSWER : D