January 3 Current Affairs

1. Shanghai opens longest Metro line in the world 

Shanghai has opened two new metro lines, upholding its rank as the city with the largest Metro network in the world.

With the latest inclusion of metro lines, the total length of Shanghai’s metro network will extend to 831 km, continuing to be the longest in the world.

Apart from making a record of the world’s largest metro network, the city will also get two fully driverless metro lines, taking the total number of such automatic lines to five in the city. The fully automatic lines will contribute 167 km to the total length of the metro network established in the city.

2. 126 tigers death recorded in India in 2021, highest in a decade .

India’s tiger conservation body said 126 of the endangered big cats died in 2021, the most since it began compiling data a decade ago.

The previous highest number of deaths per year before the National tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) began compiling data in 2012 was in 2016, when 121 perished. India is home to around 75 per cent of the world’s tigers.

3. PM dedicates Bina-Panki pipeline to nation 

The 356-km pipeline, to be operated by Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), has been set up at the cost of ₹1,524 crore and will cater to the demand of petroleum products from northern states and has a capacity of 3.5 million metric tonne per annum.

This pipeline will reduce carbon emission by around 68% in product transportation from Bina in Madhya Pradesh to Panki in Kanpur.

4.Life Insurance Corporation of India, General Insurance Corporation of India and New India Assurance Co Ltd continue to be identified as Domestic Systemically Important Insurers (D-SIIs) for 2021-22.

D-SIIs are perceived as insurers that are ‘too big or too important to fail’ (TBTF).

D-SIIs refer to insurers of such size, market importance and domestic and global interconnectedness whose distress or failure would cause a significant dislocation in the domestic financial system.

5. Manufacturing centre for Brahmos-NG supersonic cruise missile to come up in Lucknow as part of Uttar Pradesh Defence Industrial Corridor .

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is establishing a BrahMos manufacturing centre in Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh.

The facility, on 200 acres, will manufacture the new Brahmos-NG (Next Generation) variant of the medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ship, aircraft or land.

6. World’s first Science-Sanskrit film to depict ‘Mangalyaan’ saga 

Titled “Yaanam”, the proposed 45-minute movie is based on “My Odyssey: Memoirs of the Man Behind the Mangalyaan Mission” penned by former ISRO chief K Radhakrishnan.

7. First ever magnetic field detected from an exoplanet

The team observed HAT-P-11b, an exoplanet roughly the size of Neptune that orbits a K-type (orange dwarf) star found 123 light-years away from Earth, designated HAT-P-11. They found it using a technique known as Transit Spectroscopy, or the Transit Method, where the decrease in the brightness of a star periodically indicates a planet passing in front of it. It is used to detect exoplanets and reveal details about their atmospheres.

8. The Red Ink Awards 

The Red Ink Awards, also known as the Red Ink Awards for Excellence in Indian Journalism, are a set of annual awards given by the Mumbai Press Club in India to recognize excellence in journalistic achievements as assessed by a special jury.

Rachna Khaira of The Tribune News Service has bagged prestigious RedInk Award for for Excellence in Indian Journalism ‘Journalist of the Year’ 2019 for her expose during 2018 on functioning of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) and its Aadhaar data cache.

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