An Act to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto


BACKGROUND : India: Per capita availability of Food
foodgrain ~185kg
edible oil ~16kg
milk 295 gm/day (higher than world avg.)
eggs 55/year
Fruits 172gm/day
Vegetables 350gm/day






Responsibility under Food security act
allot foodgrains to states as per their requirement identifying the eligible households
transport food grain to states Deliver it to beneficiaries.
if stock insufficient, then give food allowance to states if can’t deliver foodgrains to beneficiaries, pay them food allowance. (Union will decide the rates).
  • 67% of Indian population covered.
  • State Governments have to identify the households in such manner that 75% rural + 50% urban population covered.
  • States can use data from socio-economic and caste census (SECC).


Prices and Entitlements in NFSA
Household They’ll get __ Foodgrain
Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY)i.e. bottom strata of BPL population 35 kg for entire family
Priority household 5 kg per person


Who gets what & how much?
Foodgrain households will pay Rs. ___ per kg
Rice 3
Wheat 2
Coarse grains 1
Women preg/lactating*(6 months post birth) ·         free meals @Anganwadi

·         Rs.6000 in installments

child: 6 month upto 6 years   free meal @Anganwadi
child 6 years to 14 years ·         free midday meal at school

·         take-home rations

in case of non-availability of foodgrains ·         Union will give Food security allowance to states

·         states will give to beneficiaries


Grievance Redressal Mechanism:

State Food commission ·         Supervise all entitlements

·         evaluate implementation of this act

·         Power of civil court, punish + penalty up to Rs.5000

·         1 chairman+ 5 members + 1 secretary

District grievance Redressal officer ·         First point for complaint under NFSA

·         Further appeal to State food officer

+ call centres and helplines

Targeted PDS system reformed

  • Grievance redressal mechanisms at district and state levels.
  • TPDS stores license- first preference will be given to panchayats, SHGs and cooperatives.
  • Doorstep delivery of food-grains to TPDS outlets.
  • ICT tools to ensure transparency
  • Introduction of schemes like, Aadhar cards, direct cash transfer, food coupons for targeted beneficiaries (recommended by Kaushik basu committee)

Limitation of NFSA:

  1. High fiscal burden- subsidy cost above 1.25 lakh crore rupees per year. (Budget 2014 allotted 1.15 lakh crores, out of that, 88000 crore specially for Food security act.)
  2. Government will have to keep large stock of foodgrains but FCI storage capacity insufficient.
  3. If so much food grains kept out of open market (and under FCI godowns)=> food inflation, middle class will suffer.
  4. Government may have to import foodgrain during drought years => additional current account deficit.(CAD)
  5. An Adult needs ~14kg foodgrain. While NFSA gives only 5 kg per person to Priority households- cruel joke and marketing gimmick.
  6. Focusing only cereal. What about pulses (to give protein), edible oil (to give fat), fruits, vegetables (for vitamin) and milk- to combat malnutrition?
  7. Malnutrition has its connections with lack of sanitation and medical facilities in rural areas. NFSA alone insufficient.
  8. Parliamentary standing Committee has recommended GPS tracking of trucks, CCTVs in go-downs to prevent diversion. But this are not implemented.
  9. identifying households eligible for this scheme = big challenge
  10. Section 44 of the act: During natural calamity and wars- Union and state govt. will not be responsible for non-supply of foods.
  11. Stopping “institutional” corruption in state PDS machinery.


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