India is moving away from assistive to participatory development

Schemes such as MGNREGA and National Livelihood Mission(Rural and Urban) focuses on this….


  • Launched as food for work programme in 2004
  • It is one of a programme intends to implement Directive Principles of State Policy(DPSP)
  • Finance : Both centre and state
  • It offers legal right to work for 100 days per year for atleast one member of the family in rural household..for flood affecting areas it becomes 150 days
  • It is seen as umemployment allowance
  • Provide social protection and livelihood security
  • Agricultural infrastructure development
  • Accountability in grassroot
  • Haryana : 277 days /year = highest in india and,,,,Jhardghand : 168 days/ year = lowest in india
  • This scheme is an example people centric bottom up approach
  • Demand driven and rights based mechanism

Positives of MGNREGA

#Women empowerment

#Pariticipation of SC/ST (>30%)

#Improved agrarian sector(ancillary infrastructure of agriculture)

#Land reclamation

#Increased bargaining power of labour and also reduced bonded labour

#Improved purchasing power of rural household


->No productive asset(solution : geotagging of assets)

->Generated a pool of low productive workforce(solution : skill India)

->Inclusion and exclution error

->Statewise wage disparity

->Delayed payment

->No labour for agriculture


Mihir Shah committee recommendations – Structural reconstruction of MGNREGA

=>Focus on productive assets(geotagging of assets)

=>Diversify permissible work(a kind of monitoring or feedback mechanism)

=>Integrate MGNREGA with other rural development schemes

=>Instill skill development component(eg : project life in hilly areas)

=>Electronic fund management system

=>Enhance social audit(like GARV App, photo taking)

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