National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015

  • This requires a fresh look at the already existing National Policy on Skill Development (NPSD), 2009.
  • The objective of the National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015 will be to meet the challenge of skilling at scale with speed and standard (quality).
  • It will aim to provide an umbrella framework to all skilling activities being carried out within the country, to align them to common standards and link the skilling with demand centres.
  • In addition to laying down the objectives and expected outcomes, the effort will also be to identify the various institutional frameworks which can act as the vehicle to reach the expected outcomes.
  • The national policy will also provide clarity and coherence on how skill development efforts across the country can be aligned within the existing institutional arrangements.
  • This policy will link skills development to improved employability and productivity

National Skill Development Mission

  • launched on 15.07.2015 on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day.
  • The Mission has been developed to create convergence across sectors and States in terms of skill training activities
  • Seven sub-missions have been proposed initially to act as building blocks for achieving overall objectives of the Mission. They are: (i) Institutional Training, (ii) Infrastructure, (iii) Convergence, (iv) Trainers, (v) Overseas Employment, (vi) Sustainable Livelihoods, (vii) Leveraging Public Infrastructure


1)National Skill Development Agency (NSDA)

  • An autonomous body, (registered as a Society under the Society’s Registration Act 1860)
  • Part of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
  • Aim : to co-ordinate and harmonise the skill development activities in the country
  • Take all possible steps to meet skilling targets as envisaged in the 12th Five Year Plan and beyond.
  • Coordinate and harmonize the approach to skill development among various Central Ministries/Department. State Governments, the NSDC and the Private sector.
  • Anchor and operationalize the NSQF to ensure that quality and standards meet sector specific requirements
  • Be the nodal agency for State Skill Development Missions

2)National Skill Development Corporation  (NSDC)

  • NSDC was setup as a one of its kind,
  • Public Private Partnership{PPP} Company
  • primary mandate of catalysing the skills landscape in India.
  • NSDC is a unique model created with a well thought through underlying philosophy based on the following pillars

3)National Skill Development Fund

  • Fund was set up in 2009 by the Government of India for raising funds both from Government and Non Government sectors for skill development in the country.
  • A public Trust set up by the Government of India is the custodian of the Fund. The Fund is operated and managed by the Board of Trustees.
  • The Fund meets its objectives through National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)

Standards and Quality

Quality Assurance Framework:

The National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) is a competency-based framework that organizes all qualifications according to a series of levels of knowledge, skills and aptitude. These levels, graded from one to ten, are defined in terms of learning outcomes which the learner must possess regardless of whether they are obtained through formal, non-formal or informal learning. NSQF in India was notified on 27th December 2013. All otherframeworks, including the NVEQF (National Vocational Educational Qualification Framework) released by the Ministry of HRD, stand superceded by the NSQF.

Under NSQF, the learner can acquire the certification for competency needed at any level through formal, non-formal or informal learning. In that sense, the NSQF is a quality assurance framework. Presently, more than 100 countries have, or are in the process of developing national qualification frameworks.

The NSQF is anchored at the National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) and is being implemented through the National Skills Qualifications Committee (NSQC) which comprises of all key stakeholders. The NSQC’s functions amongst others include approving NOSs/QPs, approving accreditation norms, prescribing guidelines to address the needs of disadvantages sections, reviewing inter-agency disputes and alignment of NSQF with international qualification frameworks.

Specific outcomes expected from implementation of NSQF are:

  1. Mobility between vocational and general education by alignment of degrees with NSQF
  2. Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), allowing transition from non-formal to organised job market
  3. Standardised, consistent, nationally acceptable outcomes of training across the country through a national quality assurance framework
  4. Global mobility of skilled workforce from India, through international equivalence of NSQF
  5. Mapping of progression pathways within sectors and cross-sectorally
  6. Approval of NOS/QPs as national standards for skill training


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *